What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition when not enough insulin is produced in the body (pancreas beta cells). Insulin is a hormone that lowers the glucose level in the blood by allowing the cells to uptake glucose from the blood.
Diabetes can be characterized by the causes of diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
: Only 5% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes
They are usually diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when they are young. But it can develop at any time.
The body’s immune system recognizes beta cells in pancreas as foreign cells and destroys them. So the pancreas loose its ability to create insulin, which leads to lack of insulin in the blood.
Type 2 diabetes
:Most of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Their bodies are insulin resistant, which means they might or might not have the ability to produce the right amount of insulin but their bodies can’t use the insulin properly. Since cells are not able to use insulin properly, cells can not uptake glucose from the blood, and the glucose level in the blood will remain high.